For centuries, classical education assigned Plato's works as required reading, and The R… So, what are the main similarities and differences between Plato and Aristotle? Aristotle instead shifted away from this view and instead used observations and encounters to go after his goal of obtaining knowledge. Plato and Aristotle also agree that the universe originated from a more powerful and intelligent entity than the normal human being. The main significance of this paper is the precise meaning of the political philosophy of Plato and political philosophy of Aristotle, as well as the meaning of differences and similarities. Although both of them agree with regard to the concept of ideal world, their approach towards it was different. According to a conventional view, Plato’s philosophy is abstract and utopian, whereas Aristotle’s is empirical, practical, and commonsensical. Plato influenced Aristotle, just as Socrates influenced Plato. Plato, … Plato created idealism and Aristotle, later recuperated by Thomas Aquinas, became the official doctrine of the Catholic Church. To effectively study the political philosophies of Plato and Aristotle, a deep analysis of the life and ideology of both philosophers is needed to come up with a conclusive hypothesis. But each man's influence moved in different areas after their deaths. Such contrasts are famously suggested in the fresco School of Athens (1510–11) by the Italian Renaissance painter Raphael, which depicts Plato and Aristotle together in conversation, surrounded by philosophers, scientists, and artists of earlier and later ages. Plato’s views were more radical and elite, and Aristotle’s was more physical and realistic. This is necessitated by the fact that life deals with each individual differently and the physical environment determines what an individual perceives. Plato's ideal city-state, which he refers to in his dialogue in the Republic as the 'kallipolis', and Aristotle's concept of the ideal relationship between the social order and government in an actual city state are contrasting not with regards to the end and purpose which they sought to fulfil, the telos, but instead over the proposed way in which they sought to meet that 'telos'. Plato assumed that man could achieve definite truth only by awareness of the eternal varieties, not through observations and encounters. Undeniably, Plato and Aristotle are the two rock stars of Greek Philosophy. Plato became the primary Greek philosopher based on his ties to Socrates and Aristotle and the presence of his works, which were used until his academy closed in 529 A.D.; his works were then copied throughout Europe.

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