This means that the rules can change. Saying it's a 'meta-ethical' theory is saying it's a theory about where morality comes from. God is also the regulator of morality. The divine command theory defines an act or action as good or bad, depending on whether it supports God’s commands or not. Get Revising is one of the trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. DCT argues that morality is objectively true (true independently of us) because God commands it. © Copyright Get Revising 2020 all rights reserved. Surely there is no better source for deciding what is right and wrong than God's unchanging law; God knows us best: God is objective, as well as our creator. The Greeks wanted to know everything, and what they found out about the physical world was impressive, but they wanted to go beyond physics to the true nature of reality. The difficulty here is not about whether a Christian woman can divorce an abusive husband who hasn't had an affair (this is a very real problem for some women of faith, but it is not the issue here). DCT says God is the originator of morality. We have internalized values from religion such as telling the truth, respecting our parents, respecting property, mores of propriety, chastity and so on. An objective truth is true independently of us. Divine command theory - Wikipedia. A further issue is the need to interpret God's commands. … Some Muslims claim that the structure of the Qur'an is so perfcet that it is clearly from Allah. However, when a human has an affair, some people describe this as morally wrong. This means that morality exists because of God, and if he hadn't given us com… William of Ockham said "God cannot be obligated to act. Although divine command theory has been rejected as a working ethical theory, there are a few ways in which it does provide an advantage as an ethical framework. Another issue could be its disregard for reason. It is asking how we know whether it is right or not. DCT gives an objective basis for morality, without which there could be no independent standard of rightness. No single answer seems definitive. Others claim we can know the Bible is God's word because they have found it to be good. Even if we accept Adams' MDCT, it isn't clear what a loving God commands. DCT answers this by saying that if morality comes from the creator of the universe, from an all-powerful, all-knowing God's commands, this provides a metaphysical basis for morality. DCT says meaning well is not the same as doing something good. However, it is a challenge to find a reason why they would be objecitvely true rather than something we made up and agreed. The difficulty is meta-ethical. Meta-ethics asks what we mean by 'right' or 'good'. DCT does not say God created unchanging rules. Metaphysical and objective: God is the origin and regulator of morality. It makes sense to follow the commands of an all-loving God. Supporting resource for the new A/AS Religious Studies Component 3 - Religion and Ethics. First, God’s commands set forth universal moral rules. You could be asked to compare DCT with Virtue Theory or Egoism. This means they have a different standard of goodness that the Bible measures up to (the second horn on the Euthyphro Dilemma above). Religion has had a strong influence over molding and shaping our culture and attitudes for centuries. Get Revising is one of the trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. For example, is abortion a good thing? For example, if I choose not to eat Marmite because I hate the taste of it, I wouldn't expect other people not to eat Marmite. I have heard Christians argue that the Bible is definitely the word of God because it says so in the Bible - this is circular. You may be asked whether morality is doing what God commands. If God had not said 'Do not commit adultery', DCT says it would not be morally wrong. [25] - SAMS, (b)‘The Euthyphro dilemma shows that Divine Command Theory does not work.’ Evaluate this view. According to Kant, we must believe that God exists because the requirements of morality are too much for us to bear. Ethics is about whether an action is right or wrong. When men were in short supply, God allowed Muslims to marry up to 4 wives (according to the Qur'an). In conclusion, the fact that we use our reason, intuition or other standard of moral rightness to decide whether a piece of writing could actually be the command of an all-loving God means that there, Descartes said "It is impossible to imagine that anything is thought of in the divine intellect as good or true... prior to the decision of the divine will to make it so.". The belief that God is eternal and never changes means that his commands are as relevant today as when they were first recorded. However, there are many different commands in the Bible that seem to contradict one another.

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