. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. “Fragging is a macabre ritual of Vietnam in which American enlisted men attempt to murder their superiors. Fragging – the murder of officers and sergeants by their own troops – was in the news recently when it was reported that Roy Moore, currently campaigning in Alabama for a U.S. Senate seat, risked being killed by some of his subordinates in Vietnam. While the Pentagon showed great reluctance to publicly discuss the problem, fragging entered the political arena when, in April 1971, Democratic leader Mike Mansfield of Montana emotionally spoke to the issue on the floor of the Senate. With this heightened sense of fruitlessness, fragging and the threat of fragging were seen by many enlisted men as the most effective way to discourage their superiors from showing enthusiasm for combat. Sometimes a warning would be given to the target by placing a grenade pin on his bed. Vietnam Veterans MemorialLt. Journalist Eugene Linden, in a 1972 Saturday Review article, described the practice of “bounty hunting” whereby enlisted men pooled their money to be paid out to a soldier who killed an officer or sergeant they considered dangerous. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Assigned to guard duty that night, Private Gary A. Hendricks settled into his position on the perimeter and made himself comfortable. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, 92nd (Gordon Highlanders) Regiment of Foot, Deaths of Phillip Esposito and Louis Allen, "The collapse of the armed forces: Bounties and evasions", http://chss.montclair.edu/english/furr/Vietnam/heinl.html, Private Allen sentenced to life in jail for killing Convery, "After Guilty Plea Offer, G.I. A bit later, when Sergeant Richard L. Tate, the sergeant of the guard, discovered Hendricks sleeping on post, he gave the private a tongue lashing, but took no further action. [3] Underground GI newspapers sometimes listed bounties offered by units for the fragging of unpopular commanding officers. In the first 11 months of 1971, some 215 incidents resulted in 12 more deaths. Captain Moore, after refusing to be intimidated by the threats and continuing to hand out disciplinary charges, nearly met his end at the hands of “a known drug user by the name of Kidwell” who shot a first sergeant and was on his way to kill Moore before he was apprehended. Then, check out some other fascinating photos from the 1960s. Cleared of Iraq Deaths", http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/21/nyregion/21frag.html?partner=rss&emc=rss, "Fragging" and "Combat Refusals" in Vietnam, 1961-1973: GI resistance in the Vietnam War, Harass the Brass: some notes on the subversion of the US Armed Forces. Shortly after midnight the next day, Hendricks tossed a fragmentation grenade into the air vent of Sergeant Tate’s bunker. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. "Love and Treason" web page; The dictionary definition of fragging at Wiktionary The Oxford Companion to American Military History. Quang Binh Province, Vietnam The term now encompasses any means of deliberately and directly causing the death of fellow military members. They had attained only a low level of education and were considered “loners.” Most were in support units, given jobs for which they had not been trained, and reported little job satisfaction. Combat troops had been reduced by 70 percent, leaving a greater portion of the remaining forces in rear areas. Fragging had serious consequences for the U.S. military in Vietnam far beyond the number of actual victims. Harass the Brass: some notes on the subversion of the US Armed Forces. Soldiers also expressed their opposition to the war in underground newspapers and coffee-house rap sessions. James Agee, Pulitzer Prize-winning author (A Death in the Family). The practice in Vietnam was named after the weapon of choice: the M26, M61 or M67 fragmentation hand grenade, standard issue to U.S. forces. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. By way of a “fragmentation grenade,” from which the term “fragging” was derived, a soldier could effectively do away with an officer without leaving any evidence. The Defense Department’s fragging figures only included the incidents that involved explosive devices. Once exploded, they leave no traceable ballistic evidence that may be used to identify a perpetrator. That factor played into “the larger social picture, ” as Lepre puts it, as a “climate of hostility emerged among American troops in Vietnam that did not exist in other wars.”, Lepre did a ton of research for the book and, among other things, came up with a better look at the fuzzy fragging statistics, although he concedes that for a variety of factors the total number of fraggings that took place in the Vietnam War “will never be known.”, His research confrmed 94 incidents of fragging in the Marine Corps, in which 15 Marines were killed and more than 100 injured.

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