But go and learn what this means: ‘I desire mercy, not sacrifice.’ For I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners.” (Matthew 9:9-12). 1. But as it happeneth to them who by study and practice make great experiments, they can hardly find out what they mostly seek for, but in the way to it they will find out several other notions, which are of great use to them; so it will fall out to them who diligently study the parables of the gospel. Compare Luke 12:5; Acts 9:16; Acts 20:35. The third is the “lost son” or the “prodigal son.”Just as in other cases, Jesus taught these parables in a set of three to emphasize His point. When terms expressive of our passions are applied to perfect beings, we must understand them so, as they alone can agree to such beings, separated from those excesses which they have in beings more imperfect. Therefore, the lost sheep here is a type of the backsliding Christian. .) BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. This parable (την παραβολην ταυτην — tēn parabolēn tautēn). 1700-1703. "Commentary on Luke 15:3". 2 But the Pharisees and the teachers of the law muttered, “This man welcomes sinners and eats with them.” (3 Then Jesus told them this parable: 4 “Suppose one of you has a hundred sheep and loses one of them. The lost sheep, the lost coin. This parable may be viewed, first of all, as an argument. 1878. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. That Christ is so far from rejecting the greatest sinners, that repent, and flee unto his mercy, that, if it were possible, he should take a greater satisfaction in such an issue of Divine providence, than in all the glorified saints. "Commentary on Luke 15:3". As a matter of fact, the lost sheep stands for countless millions of people. || (This page was last updated on Nov 27, 2019). It sets the table for the grand third parable concerning things lost, the parable of the Lost Son (15:11-32). 1685. Jesus, as He often did, answered them parabolically in front of the great crowd. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Probably the first thing to be said about preaching from one of the letters whose Pauline authorship is disputed is, “Hardly ever should the question of disputed authorship come up in the sermon.”. The two are regarded as virtually one, the second a duplicate with slight variations. Answer: The Parables of the Lost Sheep and the Lost Coin (Luke 15:3–10) are the first two in a series of three. The second discrepancy is that rejoicing is not associated with returning from sins. 11 When the Pharisees saw this, they said to His disciples, “Why is your Teacher eating with the tax collectors and sinners?” 12 But when Jesus heard this, He said, “It is not those who are healthy who need a physician, but those who are sick. 5 And when he finds … How can it be said, that God, and the angels and saints, more rejoice over one repenting sinner, than over ninety-nine glorified saints? That came forth to be baptized of him; who came out of their houses, towns, and cities, round about, to the place where John was; and hearing and seeing what he was about, desired to be admitted to his baptism: not that they "were baptised of him"; as the Arabic version renders it; but they came with a view of being baptized, were it thought fit and proper they should: but John refused them, saying to them. It may be doubted that there is any such thing as a Christian who does not belong to the church, despite the fact that such a conceit is obviously deceiving millions. Sage preachers will ask, “Why? Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Luke 15:7, which is the epiparabole, showeth us the principal thing which our Saviour by this parable designs to teach His hearers, and us also, viz. The ninety-nine left in the wilderness seem to me to be the glorified saints, they are the only just persons, who need no repentance. "It's hard to understand, why not make it simpler? Nothing is to be made of the wilderness except that the uninhabited country that surrounded Palestine was the place where the shepherds kept and pastured their flocks. Some by such as need no repentance understand, such as think so of themselves, though indeed they do need it. BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 15:3". Then all the tax collectors and the sinners drew near to Him to hear Him. It has been observed that John's figurative language is altogether the language of the desert. The basics: the shepherd has a hundred sheep; one wanders off; he leaves the ninety-nine to find the one; he finds the lost one and he wants everyone to rejoice with him. What is it about Jesus that attracts tax collectors and sinners to him?” Here we want to avoid vain romanticism about Jesus’ winsome personality and follow Luke’s lead instead. Hence the change of certain words. Others understand it comparatively, such as if compared with others need no repentance. If we take on the risk of naming today’s “sinners” and then welcoming them, words alone do not suffice. Now back to the story of the shepherd and his lost sheep. 1909-1922. 1871-8. "Commentary on Luke 15:3". That the recovery of one lost sinner by repentance, is matter of exceeding joy and rejoicing to Christ the Great Shepherd, and to all the blessed company of heaven: There is joy in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, or changes the whole course of his life, more than over ninety and nine just persons that need no such repentance. Luke 15:3. τὴν παραβολὴν τάυτην, this parable) Extending from verse 4 to 10. Tough nothing can be new to God, that is, which he did not see and foreknow, yet some things may be new to him in facto esse, as done and fulfilled: and though we must not imagine any mutation or alteration of the Divine Being upon any emergency amongst men; yet to express how infinitely pleased God is, in the repentance and conversion of great sinners, he is set out as receiving an augmentation of satisfaction in the effecting of it. "Oh sinner, Christ never rejoiced over thee before; thou has grieved him, and wounded him a thousand times, but he never rejoiced in thee until now." Here is mention but of one sheep so gone astray, though there be many, to let us know the love of Christ to every individual soul, that if but one of them had been to have been redeemed, he would have come down from heaven to have redeemed it.

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