2 Corinthians 4:10-11; Ephesians 4:18 ff. Death may include possibly his low, humble, and suffering condition. But they are as yet renewed only in part. He died when we were sinners who needed a Savior. On the other side it is true, as Oltramare remarks, that the expression to be reconciled is nowhere applied to God. I. Romans 8:7; Ephesians 2:15; or passive, as ch. It is thus this power revealed by His resurrection, ‘the power of God unto salvation’ (Romans 1:16), that undergirds the whole letter. The solidity of our hope in this respect will appear from three particulars. It thus reveals us as being at enmity with God. He not only exercises a general superintendence of the affairs of the world for the advancement and final triumph of His spiritual kingdom; there is a minuter care--a care which extends to each particular individual of His subjects in his passage through life. The whole argument thus rests on God"s love to man, and not on man"s to God. The enmity must above all belong to Him to whom wrath is attributed; and the blood of Christ, through which we have been justified, did not flow in the first place to work a change in our dispositions Godward, but to bring about a change in God"s conduct toward us. The just God appears a Saviour. Thus, it was commenced by God; its foundation was laid while we were still hostile to it; it evinced, therefore, a determined purpose on the part of God to perform it; and he has thus given a pledge that it shall be perfected. And this is the principal difference between the two verses. The initial answer to that lies in Romans 1:4. This involves, 1. Two comparisons are made in this passage, one between the past and the present state of believers they were once the enemies, they are now the friends, of God. Of whom the apostle here speaks. For our "justification" cost Him "His blood," and He has already shed it-our "reconciliation to God" was the reconciliation of 'enemies,' and by the death of His Son; yet even this has been gone through and completed; whereas our "salvation from wrath through Him," as it costs Him no suffering, so it is for friends, whom it is sweet to serve. There was the medicine, but where was the physician to administer it? Because He liveth we live also. To make the passage mean, that when enemies we laid aside our enmity, and became the friends of God, would be to make it contradict the very assertion and design of the apostle. 3. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/romans-5.html. "Commentary on Romans 5:10". "Commentary on Romans 5:10". "Commentary on Romans 5:10". BibliographyPoole, Matthew, "Commentary on Romans 5:10". 3. For, as he died for our sins, so he rose again for our justification; and his resurrection to life, is the grand proof that he has accomplished whatever he had purposed in reference to the salvation of man. The ἐν, in, can only have the instrumental sense, like that of the ἐν τῷ αἵματι, in His blood, Romans 5:9; saved through His life, from which ours is henceforth drawn; comp. II. Nor is this all. 2. John Trapp Complete Commentary. We are brought to an agreement; to a state of friendship and union. With one other privilege of the justified the apostle closes this section. The Biblical Illustrator. The incarnation, life, sufferings, death, resurrection, etc., of God’s Son, have afforded much greater displays of Divine wisdom, power, and love, than any other that can possibly be made. "Frédéric Louis Godet - Commentary on Selected Books". 1. The other is between the past and the present condition of Christ: He was once dead, He is now alive. "Commentary on Romans 5:10". Now fancy, if you can, his astonishment, sinking to incredulity, and then rising into a paroxysm of joy, when the messenger says, I am the king’s son; it is my own wish, and my father’s will that I should die for you; take you the pardon, and give me the fetters. Reconciliation is the initial act; the removal of the load of guilt, justification. (b) Their nature has undergone a most wonderful alteration. The verbs καταλλάσσω, διαλλάσσω, and ἀποκαταλλάσσω, are used interchangeably. Raised to the throne of Egypt, Joseph saw why God had permitted him to be sold into slavery and cast into prison. Socinians, however, maintain that reconciliation between God and man consists only in bending and pacifying the heart of man towards God, and not in averting His just anger. 1863, p. 515 f.; Weber, vom Zorne Gottes, p. 293, and others); for Christ’s death did not remove the enmity of men against God, but, as that which procured their pardon on the part of God, it did away with the enmity of God against men, and thereupon the cessation of the enmity of men towards God ensued as the moral consequence brought about by faith. Hence the passive explanation alone is correct (Calvin and others, including Reiche, Fritzsche, Tholuck, Krehl, Baumgarten-Crusius, de Wette, Philippi, Hofmann): enemies of God, i.e. And all the springs of that one common life flow from the one Rock—the Life of Christ. His dignity (John 1:1; Colossians 1:13-17; Hebrews 1:2), and His dearness to His Father, whom the Father gave to die. By explaining the indefinite term: through him (Romans 5:9), by the more precise expression: by his life. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/romans-5.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. To be reconciled to God, in such connections, does not mean to have our enmity to God removed, but his enmity to us taken out of the way, to have him rendered propitious, or his righteous justice satisfied. Romans 5 begins by exploring the great benefits that come with being declared righteous by God, through faith in Christ's death for our sin on the cross. what a basis for the most fond and unbroken fellowship for ever! The father’s love, which in its first stage was a warm emotion, in the course of years becomes a principle of action, that rules the life and explains the conduct; and thought concentrated on the object, can at any time bring up this emotion. 4. “Wherefore hast Thou made all men in vain?” “I saw the prosperity of the wicked … Verily I have cleansed my heart in vain, and washed my hands in innocency.

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