Seeing as how this series of events has not yet happened, his argument reads, Christ cannot have returned yet. Copyright 2002 © Zondervan. But jealousy arose, and he had to leave Thessalonica in a hurry (Acts 17:5-9). "[31] Brown believes that the majority of scholars who advocate pseudonymity would place it towards the end of the first century, the same time that Revelation was written. All rights reserved. The Second Letter of Paul to the Thessalonians - Θεσσαλονικεῖς Β - is preceded by First Thessalonians, and followed by his First Letter to Timothy in the New Testament of the Bible. 16:21; Col. 4:18) so his readers could be sure he was truly the author. 17encourage your hearts and strengthen you in every good word and deed. The Second Epistle to the Thessalonians, commonly referred to as Second Thessalonians or 2 Thessalonians is a book from the New Testament of the Christian Bible. 15Yet do not regard him as an enemy, but warn him as a brother. Paul claimed the title of the "Apostle to the Gentiles", and established gentile churches in several important cities in the Roman Empire. Inasmuch as the situation in the Thessalonian church has not changed substantially, We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. A literary masterpiece of the English language, the original King James Bible is still in use today! 4He will oppose and exalt himself above every so-called god or object of worship. 7 For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. church seems to have been much the same. The following arguments have been based on the content: It is also sometimes suggested that 1 Thes. The Lord be with you all. See, for example, Beverly Roberts Gaventa,[24] Vincent Smiles,[25] Udo Schnelle,[26] Eugene Boring,[27] and Joseph Kelly. theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Book of 2 Thessalonians. 3:16d–18) which frame two, balancing, sections (AA'). [2] [3] Those who see it as a later composition assign a date of around 80–115 AD.[4]. He then expresses thanks that his readers were the elect of God, chosen for salvation and saved by His grace through faith, and thus not susceptible to the deception of the "Great Apostasy," (2 Thess 2:13–14) first mentioned here as is the "Katechon" (2 Thess 2:6–7). 1: 1-12) (a) Salutation (Ch. 4:13–18.[11]. Many scholars see this as an indication that this letter was written before the Epistle to the Galatians, where Paul's positions on these matters were formed and elucidated. 3 We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is meet, because that your faith groweth exceedingly, and the charity of every one of you all toward each other aboundeth; 4 so that we ourselves glory in you in the churches of God for your patience and faith in all your persecutions and tribulations that ye endure: 5 which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer: 6 seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you; 7 and to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, 8 in flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: 9 who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; 10 when he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed) in that day. Most New Testament scholars believe Paul the Apostle wrote this letter from Corinth, although information appended to this work in many early manuscripts (e.g., Codices Alexandrinus, Mosquensis, and Angelicus) state that Paul wrote it in Athens after Timothy had returned from Macedonia with news of the state of the church in Thessalonica (Acts 18:5; 1 Thes. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Second Epistle to the Thessalonians". 11Yet we hear that some of you are leading undisciplined lives and accomplishing nothing but being busybodies. H�|W�n%���C? forgery.'. "[13], Other scholars who hold to authenticity include Beale,[14] Green,[15] Jones,[16] Morris,[17] Witherington,[18] and Kretzmann. 3Let no one deceive you in any way, for it will not come until the rebellion occurs and the man of lawlessness (the son of destruction) is revealed. The Blackwell Companion to The New Testament . This error is corrected in chapter 2 (2:1–12), where Paul tells the Thessalonians that a great tribulation must occur before Christ's return. This second Epistle to the Thessalonians was written at Corinth by the Apostle Paul and in the joint names of Silvanus and Timotheus. Of the twelve pieces in 2 Thessalonians seven begin with 'brother' introductions. �_ ���N��� D(�5�M�I�Ծ���0����:��x8d�71a�&b�+�z��c�)�����{��f�(@�5"j�;!Oex8O�Aȳ$ ����|�]�ӓ����+Ԡ����z)Eޗ�8Ѕe�������fr�ro������� ���*M"��pc>��(V�� %+"ACb0 &��C�d�.m�Dc�Tl����ʺ!8�k�7�8"��'�&�h�X��0L� ��B�}sӋ�F��"Mv�X�X�b0U�rr���V�*�hs�$(+��U��� �4���^�-�`����4�D�U,�K�q�MN@ڒ ��l�d��J�OX 7�W�[���YIP�!#���Q�Z�v��� ���bة$)����ٹ���ל����Nj�� Of the eighteen pieces in 1 Thessalonians fourteen begin with 'brother' introductions. long after the first letter -- perhaps about six months. It is thought that there are differences 18The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with all of you.a. 2.14 is singular. Second Thessalonians is important because of its apocalyptic nature, for it describes the events that will take place before the Parousia, the Second Coming of the Lord. Introduction: The Second Epistle to the Thessalonians. of 2And pray that we may be delivered from wicked and evil men; for not everyone holds to the faith. 9They will suffer the penalty of eternal destruction, separated from the presence of the Lord and the glory of His might, The traditional view is that the second epistle to the Thessalonians was probably written from Corinth not many months after the first. G. Friedrich, "1. See the article above on 1st Thessalonians. Because his heart was to “the Jew first” (Rom. (, Intercession for Their Spiritual Progress Grace and peace be yours from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord! 4 And we have confidence in the Lord touching you, that ye both do and will do the things which we command you. to be unexpectedly formal) and in the eschatology (the doctrine of the "man Scripture presents this great truth in a double aspect. There is a great dissimilarity between the two; this is not only one of words, small phrases and concepts but extends to the total structure of the two letters which is in addition different from what is taken to be the standard Pauline form. 1 Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: All rights reserved. 5–6, Another scholar who argues for the authenticity of this letter is Jerome Murphy-O'Connor. K. G. Eckart 1961, "Der zweite echte Brief des Apostels Paulus an die Thessalonicher," ZThK, 30–44, 1 Thessalonians 2:13–16 A Deutero Pauline Interpolation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=First_Epistle_to_the_Thessalonians&oldid=989471393, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, Pages with numeric Bible version references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, It is perceived to be theologically incompatible with Paul's other epistles: elsewhere Paul, There were no extensive historical persecutions of Christians by Jews in.

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